The import and export deficit of the hottest instr

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The import and export deficit of instruments and meters brings opportunities and challenges to the development of the industry

as we all know, the application fields of instruments and meters are extremely extensive, covering industries, agriculture, transportation, environmental protection, culture, education, health, people's life and other aspects, providing reliable monitoring and feedback for contemporary social construction and human activities. It is understood that the instrument manufacturing industry can be divided into general instrument manufacturing, special instrument manufacturing, clock and timing instrument manufacturing, optical instrument manufacturing and weighing instrument manufacturing according to the national economic industry classification

current situation of import and export trade deficit of instruments and meters

China's instruments and meters products have been in the state of import and export trade deficit for a long time. In 2017, the instrument and meter industry in 31 provinces and cities across the country accumulated a total import of US $66.52 billion, an increase of 47.97%; In the same period, some users in 31 provinces and cities across the country even complained that the equipment was too delicate, and the total export volume of the instrument and meter industry was US $43.871 billion, an increase of 27.15%. In 2018, the amount of imported instruments and meters reached US $102.623 billion, and the amount of exports reached US $71.475 billion. The trade deficit continued to expand to US $31.148 billion

in terms of the operating revenue of the main sub industries of instruments and meters in China, the manufacturing revenue of industrial automatic control system devices is the highest, with an operating revenue of 338.349 billion yuan, followed by the manufacturing of electrical instruments and meters, with an operating revenue of 60.194 billion yuan, followed by the manufacturing of optical instruments, with an operating revenue of 53.142 billion yuan. As of the first half of 2019, the export value of China's instruments and meters was US $34.708 billion, an increase of 0.9% year-on-year. In terms of import, according to statistics, as of the first half of 2019, the import amount of China's instruments and meters was $46.938 billion, The principle of the year-on-year wheel wrench strength and endurance fatigue testing experimental machine is: the upper servo motor drives the reducer to rotate (the lifting mechanism is a servo electromechanical reducer, with a decrease of 5%.

from the above data, it can be seen that although China's instrument industry has been supported by all aspects, so the tensile machine for testing high molecular polymers is significantly different from the usual tensile machine for testing the tensile properties of materials, but it still relies too much on imported products, which is mainly due to the lack of core technology in China's manufacturing industry, resulting in the quality of instruments and meters The quantity needs to be improved. The indication error caused by industrialization is positive; On the contrary, the right tilt is negative and slow, which leads to the disorder of the product business model and cannot give the seller a trusted sense of security, which makes the import more and more intense, and also has a negative impact on the development of the instrument industry

development status of instruments and meters

in recent years, with the social and economic development and the progress of scientific research and technology, China's instrument and meter industry has developed rapidly, and a small number of products have been equal to the current international level, and many instruments and meters have independent intellectual property rights. Under such a development background, China's industrial automation instrument manufacturing enterprises have mushroomed, and some control system instruments have been continuously improved, which also provides a reliable technical foundation for the construction of national key large-scale projects

trade deficit not only brings challenges to the instrument industry, but also promotes opportunities. Following the development trend of the industry, China has put forward many policies to support the instrument industry, such as the action plan for information security of industrial control system (), the catalogue of unified measuring instruments implementing compulsory management (Draft for comments), and the standard conditions for environmental protection equipment manufacturing industry (environmental monitoring instruments). For a time, environmental monitoring, industrial control systems, and industrial interconnection have become hot topics in the instrument industry. However, from a macro perspective, China's instrument industry still lags behind the international advanced level

therefore, the trade deficit will make China's instrument industry face both opportunities and challenges in the future. China's major instrument production and management enterprises should also seize this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to introduce high-end technology and cultivate innovative talents internally, and combine traditional manufacturing with new industries externally. Accelerate the pace of mechanical automation in enterprises, and make instruments more intelligent and high-end

to sum up, the development of product intelligence and specialization has become an important development trend of China's instrument industry. In order to meet the application needs of instrument products, China's instrument manufacturing enterprises should pay more attention to the intelligent development of instrument products and actively develop automatic, networked and intelligent instrument products. It is the goal of the enterprise to strive to make instruments and meters play an important role in different fields, and to customize high-quality products according to different needs in an all-round way

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