The development trend of ink market from the devel

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From the development of printing industry to see the development trend of ink market

over the past 20 years of reform and opening up, China's printing industry has made considerable progress. The printing technology has been greatly improved, and the printing quality has been significantly improved. Among them, in addition to benefiting from the improvement of printing technology and equipment, the development of printing materials has also played a promoting role. This paper will analyze the demand change and development trend of printing ink from the pattern of printing enterprises and the current consumption situation of printing ink in China

The development and implementation of the "Chinese character information processing and printing technology revolution" project in the 1990s not only triggered a wide range of technological revolutions in China's publication printing, packaging and decoration printing, other printed matter printing, and even printing equipment and equipment, but also affected the reform of information processing technology in the field of global Chinese culture. With the rapid development of printing industry, the number of printing enterprises in China has also expanded rapidly

as of December 10, 2002, the number of printing enterprises in China has reached 162527, including 8567 publication printing enterprises, 29018 packaging and decoration printing enterprises, and 52436 other printing enterprises. Nearly 100 foreign-funded printing enterprises were newly approved in 2002, and more enterprises applied for capital increase. In recent years, the rise of foreign-funded enterprises and private enterprises in the printing industry has gradually formed a force that can not be ignored. They complement and compete with state-owned enterprises, bringing great business opportunities for the prosperity and progress of the ink manufacturing industry

with relevant policy guidance for the development of the market, the development direction of ink will be more clear. According to the spirit of the "notice on printing and distributing the guidance on macro-control of the total amount, structure and layout of printing enterprises in the three years after the Tenth Five Year Plan" issued by the General Administration of publishing in April 2003, by the end of 2005, printing enterprises will initially form a new pattern of orderly competition, strong regulation, scientific planning and obvious efficiency increase

① develop publication printing, actively introduce advanced technology and funds, establish large joint ventures, vigorously support the technological transformation of printing enterprises, encourage the institutional reform of state-owned book and periodical printing enterprises, and establish a modern enterprise system

② actively develop packaging and decoration printing. The development speed of packaging and decoration printing should be slightly higher than that of the national economy. The development of packaging and decoration printing enterprises should adapt to the development of market demand, encourage the development of packaging and decoration printing enterprises matching new products, and limit low-level repeated construction

③ develop other printing, among which bill printing and certificate printing should adapt to the development of market demand

The introduction of this policy will also have a far-reaching impact on the development of China's printing industry and related industries. By then, the total number of printing enterprises in the country should be about 106000 (excluding copying and printing enterprises)

consumption forecast of printing ink

generally speaking, the consumption of printing ink is closely related to the consumption of printing materials. At present, the printing materials are still mainly paper and cardboard whose global market will reach US $37.1 billion in 2017, as well as various materials such as plastic, metal, glass and fabric. The use of plastic film for packaging will continue to increase

from the consumption of paper and paperboard, ink consumption

paper and paperboard are common substrates for printing, with the largest consumption. Due to the great progress of the printing industry, the consumption of paper and paperboard in China has maintained the second level in the world since 1992, second only to the United States. In response, in 2001 and 2002, China's ink consumption was 220000 tons and 24100 tons respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 10.05% in 2002. From a macro perspective, the average ink consumption of paper and paperboard in China was 5.97kg/t and 5.59kg/t in 2001 and 2002 respectively, and the comprehensive average in the two years was 5.77kg/t. According to the calculation of 1.3 billion people, by the end of the tenth five year plan, the total consumption of paper and paperboard in China will reach 44.2 million ~ 49.4 million tons, and there should be 255000 ~ 285000 tons of ink to match it at that time

from the perspective of the growth of printing enterprises, the consumption of ink

the total industrial output value of China's printing enterprises is expected to grow at an average annual rate of not less than 7.7% of the national economic development rate. Based on this, the demand for ink consumption in the printing industry will reach 302400 tons/year by the end of 2005

by the end of 2005, the total number of printing enterprises in China will reach 10 Users can decide whether to choose electronic universal testing machines or hydraulic universal testing machines according to the specific use environment of their industry, with a growth rate of 17.75%, and the ink consumption will reach about 285000 tons

according to the technological development of China's printing and equipment industry from 1996 to 2010. Prepress digital, networking; Multicolor and efficient printing; Diverse and automatic post press; High quality equipment serialization "Policy, by the end of 2010, the main goal of the development of printing technology is to continue to vigorously develop paper-based printing materials while developing electronic publications; vigorously promote the application of the process technology and efficient equipment for printing multi-color printing materials at one time; offset printing is still dominant, the focus of the development of offset printing machines is still multi-color offset printing machines, and flexographic printing in packaging printing will increase significantly.

current situation of the international market of ink

in 2002 I China's imported ink market is mainly concentrated in Asia, accounting for 75.15%, followed by Europe, accounting for 17.37%; North America can not be ignored: in 2002, the import of ink from North America reached 14300 tons, accounting for 4.35% of China's total ink import that year, of which 12400 tons were imported from the United States, accounting for 3.91%. In 2002, the international market for China's ink exports was mainly Asia, accounting for 85.78%, followed by Africa, accounting for 5.31%, and North America, accounting for 3.78%

the quality level of domestic ink has been recognized internationally, which has also promoted the development of the ink industry. In 2002, China exported 1311 tons of printing inks to Japan, the United States, Britain and other developed countries, accounting for 14.96% of China's total printing ink exports that year, accounting for 13.75% of China's total printing ink exports that year, earning US $11.09 million in foreign exchange, accounting for 27.31% of China's printing ink export earnings that year, accounting for 23.77% of China's total printing ink export earnings that year

although the quality level and product grade of domestic inks have been greatly improved, and the varieties have also increased, there is still a large gap compared with the international advanced level. For example, in 2002, the average unit price of other printing inks exported from China to Japan was 5. Cultivating new kinetic energy is the meaning of promoting high-quality development. The average unit price of other printing inks imported from Japan reached US $8569.01/ton that year, and the average unit price of imports was 1.55 times that of exports, that is, imports were higher than exports by US $3043.09/ton. This shows that the product grade of ink in China needs to be further improved

in 2002, due to the sustained and stable development of China's national economy and the considerable progress of the publishing and printing industry, the demand for ink in the domestic market increased significantly, resulting in a large gap in the supply and demand of domestic ink market, which is the basic reason for the year-on-year growth of China's ink import volume of almost 28% and the negative growth of export volume of more than 2%

ink market development forecast

from a macro perspective, by the end of 2005, the development goal of China's ink market is that the average annual consumption of ink will reach about 300000 tons, of which:

① offset printing ink still occupies the dominant position in the market, the market demand has increased steadily, and the market share is generally up to about 50%. With the rapid development of China's newspaper industry, the growth rate of rotary offset printing ink for publishing and printing will be higher

② the demand of gravure printing ink market is in a stable state. In view of the rapid rise of food and other plastic packaging, the demand for plastic printing ink, food packaging printing ink, aromatic free ink and water-based ink will show an upward trend

③ the market demand for letterpress printing ink will decline significantly. Nowadays, there are few letterpress printing. Letterpress printing has been replaced by plastic letterpress printing and flexographic printing. With the rapid development of packaging printing, the proportion of flexographic printing ink has also increased significantly

④ the demand for printing ink is on the rise. The development of outdoor advertising industry will increase the demand for sun resistant printing ink, and the amount of printing ink for glass, plastic, metal and other materials is also increasing

⑤ due to the rapid development of various high-end packaging printing, bill printing, certificate printing, Securities printing and banknote printing, the market demand for special anti-counterfeiting ink and special ink is still on the rise as a whole, and the demand for anti-counterfeiting ink, UV ink, fluorescent ink, pearlescent ink and jet printing ink will increase significantly

it is estimated that by the end of 2005, the annual consumption of ink in China will reach 300000 tons, but the per capita consumption of ink is still less than 1/24 of the world's top three average levels, the per capita consumption of printed matter is less than 1/20 of developed countries, and the per capita consumption of paper and paperboard is less than 1/13 of the United States. This shows that China's ink market has great potential for development

under the new situation that China has entered the WTO and gradually integrated into the global economic integration, in addition to increasing output, China's ink industry should pay more attention to adjusting the industrial structure, strengthening research and development, improving the scientific and technological content of products, increasing varieties, improving grades, improving the stability of quality and product uniformity, so as to meet the development needs of today's multi-color, high-speed, fast drying, pollution-free and low consumption modern printing. Improve the overall level of Chinese ink, enhance the competitiveness of domestic ink in the international market, and drive the rapid development of the ink industry

information source: Printing Technology China printing and equipment industry association force value decomposition degree: 1/200000 printing equipment branch (Liu Keqian)

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